Mahasthangarh is one of the earliest urban archaeological sites so far discovered in Bangladesh. The
village Mahasthan in Shibganj thana of Bogra District contains the remains of an ancient city which was
called Pundranagara or Paundravardhanapura in the territory of Pundravardhana. A limestone slab bearing six
lines in Prakrit in Brahmi script recording a land grant, discovered in 1931, dates Mahasthangarh to at least
the 3rd century BC. The fortified area was in use until the 8th century AD.
Considered the oldest city in Bangladesh, Mahasthangarh dates back to at least the 3rd century BC, and is
an easy half-day trip from Bogra. Very few ancient structures remain within this walled complex (garh
literally means fortification), so what you’ll see is essentially an archaeological site consisting of
foundations and hillocks, which merely hint at past riches. Over the centuries, the site was home to Muslims,
Hindus, and most importantly Buddhists. The Buddhist Pala emperors of North Bengal ruled over this region
from the 8th to the 11th centuries and it is from this period that most of the visible remains belong.
Amongst the ruins, a few relics still stand tall and command attention, and the rural setting is incredibly
peaceful. All in all, it's a very pleasant excursion.
How to Go
You can reach Bogra by bus from anywhere in the country and go to Mahasthangarh by CNG. Mahasthangarh is
located from 15 km North Sathmatha, Bogra